Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi has called for laws to protect the rights of ethnic minority groups in her first statement in parliament.
She said such laws were important for Burma to become a truly democratic nation of mutual respect.
Burma has undergone a series of political reforms initiated by the military-backed government.
But some parts of Burma are still hit by conflict and unrest, most recently in Rakhine state.
“To become a truly democratic union with a spirit of the union, equal rights and mutual respect, I urge all members of parliament to discuss the enactment of the laws needed to protect equal rights of ethnicities,” she said, in support of a motion by a ruling party MP.
Poverty in ethnic minority areas also needed to be addressed, she said.
Ms Suu Kyi, who was freed from house arrest in late 2010, was elected to parliament in by-elections in April.
Peace deals have been reached with a number of Burma’s ethnic groups, many of whom battled the military junta for years in pursuit of greater autonomy. But fighting is continuing in Kachin state.
Ms Suu Kyi’s speech also comes a month after deadly clashes in parts of Burma’s western Rakhine state between majority Buddhists and minority Muslims, sparked by the rape and murder of a young Buddhist woman.
Aung San Suu Kyi made no specific mention of the Muslim Rohingya people in her speech, and has to date remained relatively quiet on the issue.
Asked in June whether Rohingya should be regarded as Burmese citizens, she said: “I do not know”, saying Burma should clarify its citizenship laws.
In a report last week, human rights group Amnesty International said Muslims in western Rakhine state had been subjected to attacks and arbitrary arrests in the weeks since the violence – claims the government described as “groundless and biased”.
The Burmese government says they are relatively recent migrants from the Indian sub-continent. Neighbouring Bangladesh already hosts several hundred thousand refugees from Burma and says it cannot take any more.
Protect minorities: Suu Kyi
by The Hindu, Chennai, July 25, 2012
Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi used her first speech in Parliament on Wednesday to call for laws protecting the rights of the country’s impoverished ethnic minorities.
The Nobel Peace Prize winner and democracy crusader won her first seat in Myanmar’s Parliament in a historic April by-election that was seen as a key step in the country’s transformation from military rule to fledgling democracy.
Ms. Suu Kyi stood from her seat toward the back of Myanmar’s Parliament to call for an end to discrimination against ethnic minorities as part of the “emergence of a genuine democratic country”.
“Based on the spirit of equality, mutual respect and understanding,” she said, “I would like to urge all lawmakers to enact necessary laws or amend laws to protect the rights of ethnic nationalities.”
Ms. Suu Kyi’s comments came in support of a motion by a ruling-party lawmaker from the ethnic Shan state on upholding ethnic minority rights. She referred to soaring poverty rates in Chin, Kachin, Shan and Rakhine states, noting that protecting minority rights required more than just maintaining ethnic languages and cultures.
“The high poverty rates in ethnic states clearly indicate that development in ethnic regions is not satisfactory and ethnic conflicts in these regions have not ceased,” she said during her brief speech.
Ms. Suu Kyi did not mention last month’s communal violence in western Myanmar between Rakhine Buddhists and Muslim Rohingyas that left at least 78 people dead and prompted a government crackdown in the region.
The Nobel Peace Prize winner has faced rare criticism from rights groups for not offering stronger support for the Rohingyas, who are considered by most in Myanmar to be illegal immigrants from Bangladesh and are not one of the recognised ethnic groups of Myanmar.
The United Nations says there are about 800,000 Rohingyas in Myanmar and considers them to be among the most persecuted people in the world.
Ms. Suu Kyi’s pro-democracy movement has long been loosely allied with most of the country’s dozen or so major ethnic minority groups, who, like her opposition party, also faced repression under the previous military regime.
Many of the ethnic groups fought bitter civil wars for greater autonomy, some of which lasted decades.
Since taking office last year, President Thein Sein has rolled back many of the repressive actions of the military regimes that preceded him. His military-allied government has reached cease-fires with several ethnic rebel groups, but fighting has continued with Kachin rebels that threatens the ongoing reform and reconciliation process. Rights groups say an estimated 10,000 have been displaced in northern Kachin state.