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The Critical Situation Facing the Tamil People in Sri Lanka

by Dr. Brian Senewiratne, Brisbane, Australia, November 7, 2011

The Tamil areas are a vast ‘slow killing field’, not as dramatic as the mass murder documented in the UK Channel 4 News video, ”Sri Lanka’s Killing Fields”, but a slow ‘extermination camp’ which covers the entire North and East. This has been kept out of sight by the denial of free and unrestricted access to international observers by the imposition of a strict censorship. The ‘Sri Lankan’ Armed Forces (99% Sinhalese) who run the area, do what they want with the ‘victims of war’ - Tamil people, citizens of the country.

The humanitarian situation in the Tamil-speaking area in the North and East, more than two years after the so called ‘end’ of the war, between the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) and the Tamil people, is the most serious the Tamils have faced in their 2,500 years of recorded history. In the six decades that I have campaigned for the rights of the Tamils to live with equality, dignity, safety, and now to live at all, I cannot think of any period in which they have been in such a dreadful situation.

The Tamil areas are under the heel of one of the most ruthless and irresponsible Armed Forces anywhere in the world, and one the most brutal, racist, and oppressive regimes ever to run Sri Lanka.  It is a regime which has no accountability, in Sri Lanka or abroad, and can do whatever it wants, to whoever it wants, anywhere in the country, not just in the Tamil areas.

Dr Winston Panchacharam (Nanuet, New York) in his incomparable book Genocide in Sri Lanka which has just been published sets out some of this. In his opening letter of appeal to “Global Leaders for the Protection of the Vulnerable and those Oppressed by Genocidal Acts”, he refers to the “Dying Race of Tamils in Sri Lanka”.

This is not alarmist language. Every recent publication (cited below) strongly indicates that the Tamils are indeed a dying race facing serious violations of human rights which, unless checked, will result in their demise. An internationally credible group appointed by the UN Secretary General (which I will refer to), uses the term “extermination” (of the Tamils) and goes on to justify the use of this term which, as far as I am aware, has never been used before.

‘Extermination’ or ‘Genocide’ is an emergency and calls for urgent action which is not forthcoming. What is alarming is that a regime guilty of some of the most serious war-crimes and crimes against humanity, is getting away with it.

The mass slaughter of some 40,000 (perhaps many more) unarmed Tamil civilians, with another 160,000 unaccounted for, was carried out in just five months (January-May 2009), in a mass murder with no witnesses. This has no parallel in recent times. This is now being followed by a ‘slow extermination’ of the Tamils by the denial of food and medical care, loss of their property, the blocking of their survival activities (agriculture and fishing), and the denial of unrestricted access to international humanitarian organisations and groups.

The Tamil areas are a vast ‘slow killing field’, not as dramatic as the mass murder documented in the UK Channel 4 News video, ”Sri Lanka’s Killing Fields”, but a slow ‘extermination camp’ which covers the entire North and East. This has been kept out of sight by the denial of free and unrestricted access to international observers by the imposition of a strict censorship. The ‘Sri Lankan’ Armed Forces (99% Sinhalese) who run the area, do what they want with the ‘victims of war’ - Tamil people, citizens of the country.

It astounds me, a Sinhalese, that at this most critical period faced by the Tamil people in the North and East, the only people who can save them, the million-strong expatriate Sri Lankan Tamils, living and working in some of the most powerful nations on earth, have ‘gone quiet’, and have ‘given up’. To say that they have abandoned their fellow Tamils in the North and East is a gross understatement. I find this deeply disturbing and totally unacceptable.

The very least I can do is to stand with my Tamil people, yes, they are my Tamil people, just as the Sinhalese are my Sinhalese people, in their greatest hour of need. Whether one succeeds or fails is not the question. The question is where one stands and why. I stand with my Tamil people because what has been done to them from the dawn of Independence (1948), and even before, is deeply wrong. This long and traumatic history of the Tamil struggle to survive, has been well set out in Dr Panchacharam’s book which I have referred to.

The Nobel Laureate, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, when I met him in Cape Town, remarked, “Isn’t it wonderful that a Sinhalese should be campaigning for the Tamils for all these years?” I said that I did not think it ‘wonderful’ because this was not a Tamil problem or a Sinhalese problem but a humanitarian problem that must arouse the concerns of every one who opposes the violation of basic human rights set out in the UN Human Rights Convention.

This is what it means to share the world with others who, like us, are going to be on this planet for but a short time. The principle that has guided my actions all these years is “Do unto others as we would have them do unto us”.

This simple truth transcends nations and peoples – that isn’t brown or black or white, that isn’t Christian, Buddhist, Hindu or Islam, that isn’t Sinhalese or Tamil. It is not new, but has beat in the hearts of billions of people since the dawn of civilization.

The world is heading down a hugely dangerous path of injustice and a failure “to do unto others as they would have done unto themselves”. Sri Lanka has gone down an  even more dangerous path of ethnic fratricide, genocide, the dismantling of Democracy and its replacement by a Totalitarian State, corruption, indeed, ‘mega-corruption’, lawlessness, interference with the legal process and even with the Constitution and written Laws, the abuse of fundamental human rights of its people by the State, gross economic mismanagement, abysmally poor governance, and a violent nation where  all problems are ‘settled’ by  the State by unleashing violence delivered by State ‘Security Forces’, the Police, gangs of hoodlums and paramilitary groups working with the Government, where there is no accountability of any sort. It is a drift of the country to a Failed State.

It is often stated (wrongly) that there has been a ‘civil war’ in Sri Lanka for three decades. There has been no ‘civil war’ in post-Independence Sri Lanka. What there has been are a series of increasingly virulent pogroms against the Tamil people by a succession of Sinhalese–dominated governments, assisted by Sinhalese political opportunists from the entire Sinhalese polity, and ethnoreligious chauvinist bigots among the politically active Buddhist monks, and conducted by Sri Lankan Armed Forces (99%Sinhalese), with a degeneracy of Sinhalese society and its rapid descent to barbarism. This ‘descent to barbarism’ has now been documented in the UK Channel 4 video (see below). The entire objective is to force the Tamil people to accept Sri Lanka as a Sinhala- Buddhist Nation.

The problems in Sri Lanka today, extend well beyond the ethnic crisis. This  ‘spectrum of crises’, of which the problems faced by the Tamils is only a part, albeit a very important one since the survival of the entire Tamil Nation is at stake, cannot be dealt with in the time and space available here. All I can do is to highlight  some of the recent (mostly) international publications by credible groups (all of which are in the public domain), and add a brief comment on the Agenda of the Sri Lankan regime, some serious problems in governance, and suggest a way forward. This ‘way forward’ is becoming increasingly difficult and could well have reached the point of no return, at least in the short, or even medium, term.

Here are the most important documents to date (October 2011), most of them  published this year.

1.    Report of the Secretary-General’s Panel of Experts on Accountability in Sri

                                                                             Lanka.  31 March 2011.

This is a 124 page detailed Report looking at the last stages of the ‘war’ (September 2008- May 2009). It is the most serious indictment of the Sri Lankan government ever published.

It repeatedly accuses the Sri Lankan government of lying. “The Panel’s determination of credible allegations reveals a very different version of the final stages of the war than that maintained to this day by the Government of Sri Lanka.”

It recommends that the Secretary General, “should immediately proceed to establish an independent international mechanism whose mandate should be to collect and safeguard for future use, information provided to it…”.

For Secretary General Ban ki-Moon to claim that he has no power to implement the recommendations of his Panel of Experts is arrant nonsense. If he is powerless to act why did he appoint the Panel? The implication was that he was expecting a Report exonerating the GoSL of wrong-doing. We have a right to know what Mr Boon’s agenda is.

If he cannot (or more likely, will not) act, then the Report must be submitted to the UN itself for action. If Mr Moon refuses to do so, then it is up to the member nations of the UN to demand that the Report be tabled. This is where the expatriate Tamils (and others) have a critical role to play – to pressure their Governments to get their UN representative to act.

This must be done urgently so that the UN Human Rights Council at its next meeting (March 2012) can put Sri Lanka on the Agenda. I am aware that the Head of this Council, Navaneetham Pillai, who has always stressed the need for an international independent Inquiry, has welcomed the Report.

An important point is that the mandate of the Panel of Experts was to assess the ‘nature and scope of alleged violations’, not to do any fact-finding or investigations. In view of the seriousness of the findings in their Report, it is imperative that this Panel be now asked to do a fact-finding investigation.

There is provision under R2P (Responsibility to Protect) – a set of principles which set out the responsibility of sovereign States – for the UN to act.  R2P was adopted by the UN General Assembly in October 2009, none other than Ban ki-Moon himself, playing a key role. If a State fails to protect its citizens, then R2P states that the international community, “as a last resort”, can intervene with military force.

Sri Lanka, a signatory to R2P is certainly not protecting a significant number of its citizens (those in the North and East). Words must mean something, and if the words in R2P are to mean anything, then the international community must act. It is our business to exert the necessary pressure on our governments to see that the UN acts.  

2.   Situation Report. North and East (of Sri Lanka)   Tabled in the Sri Lankan     Parliament on 21 October 2011 by the Tamil National Alliance

This 29 page Report, is the most comprehensive document that sets out the current situation on the ground in the Tamil areas. It exposes what the GoSL is struggling to conceal by excluding international observers and human rights groups from the North and East. It is one of the most disturbing Reports I have ever read on the human rights situation in Sri Lanka, and explodes the myth propagated by the Government that the Tamil people have been ‘liberated’ from the ‘clutches of terrorists’, and have now been ‘rehabilitated’.

It is a Report that must be circulated to all the UN countries, in particular, those that support Sri Lanka, the ‘aid-givers’, and the Media, none of whom are able to have free and unaccompanied access to the Tamil areas, and to talk to the supposedly ‘rehabilitated’ people.

3.  “Sri Lanka: Post-War Progress Report.         International Crisis Group

                                                                                     15 September 2011

This is an outstanding 9-page Report which challenges every claim that the GoSL has made. It states the many Government claims and then proceeds to demolish them by stating the real situation.

It states, “There are strong grounds to question the government’s claim of progress on crucial post-war issues such as the state of emergency and repressive anti-terrorism laws, militarisation and insecurity, resettlement of internally displaced persons (IDP), reintegration of alleged ex-combatants and a political settlement on devolution and minority rights”. It alarmingly goes on, “the risk of an eventual return to violence is growing again”.

This is a ‘must-read’ document by an internationally credible group.

4.     “When will they get Justice?”    Amnesty International (September 2011)

A 67 page Report by the Nobel Prize winning human rights group, sets out the “Failures of Sri Lanka’s Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC”).


It makes nonsense of the claim that an Independent International Commission of Inquiry should be considered after the LLRC Report is published (probably November 2011). AI has already shown that the LLRC is deeply flawed so that its findings lack validity.

It starts by drawing attention to Sri Lanka’s abysmal track record where Commissions (of Inquiry) are concerned. “….in the face of domestic and international pressure, including from such allies as India, the Sri Lankan government has still refused to make a credible effort to seek accountability. Instead, as it has done often in the past two decades, the Sri Lankan government has established an ad hoc special commission, ostensibly to investigate and address wrongdoings, but in fact to deflect international pressure and silence internal critics”.

It goes on, “Amnesty International urges the international community not to be deceived that the LLRC – the latest of a long line of failed domestic mechanisms in Sri Lanka – will deliver justice, truth and reparations”. It calls for the UN to immediately establish an independent, international investigation and goes on to state why this is needed.

5.   “Sri Lanka: Briefing to Committee Against Torture.   Amnesty International

                                                                                                   (October 2011)

This 31 page Report also by AI, covering the period 2010-2011, was submitted to the “Convention against Torture, other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment” in October 2011.

It documents the ongoing torture by Sri Lankan Government bodies (Police, and paramilitary groups working with the Government), the fabrication of evidence by the Police, and the complete failure of the Judicial system to address these.

Of greatest concern is the frequency of all this: “Perhaps the most shocking aspect of the criminal justice system is the overwhelmingly large number of charges which are fabricated by the police on a daily basis”. Far from being the exception, these now seem to be the norm.

Of interest to those of us who live in countries where asylum seekers arrive, is the section that describes (with a case study) the risk of torture for failed asylum seekers. If a proper follow-up study of failed asylum seekers is done, the number who are in this category will rise markedly. It will, of course, not be possible to do such a study, because of the nature of the Totalitarian regime that runs the country.

6.   UK Channel 4 News video.

I need hardly dwell on this ground-breaking video that has established the war crimes committed by both sides, especially the Sri Lankan Armed Forces, in the closing stages of the war. This video was so important that it was shown at a special screening in the UN Human Rights Council meeting in June 2011. Despite feeble claims by the GoSL that the evidence presented was fabricated, there are few, if any, who would doubt the authenticity of what was shown since the original recordings have been checked by international experts. This is evidence which will not go away, as the GoSL hopes it will.

The evidence of war crimes implicates not only those in the Armed Forces that committed them, but on the internationally accepted ‘Command Responsibility’, those all the way to the top, be they military leaders or civilians (such as President Mahinda Rajapaksa, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, and his brother, Gotabaya Rajapaksa, the Secretary of Defence. The fact that some of these military men (and others with a case to answer) have been sent as Diplomats to several countries, might not immunise them from prosecution.

It is up to us, especially those of us who live in countries where asylum seekers arrive, to get the necessary information and pass it to our governments for the necessary action, and to those of us who are exploring the possibility of taking those who have a case to answer to the International Criminal Court.

There is one ‘problem’ with this outstanding video. The hundreds of thousands of people across the world who have seen this video and been shocked by what thy have seen, have no understanding of the context in which these dreadful acts have taken place.

I have addressed this issue in the many meetings i have organised in Australia where this video has been shown. What I have done is to spend 20 minutes settin out the background to the slaughter, the complex Sri Lankan thnic problem, and have then shown the video. At the end I have returned to the podium with the question, “Now that you have been shocked by what you hav seen, wha are you going to do about it?”

This ‘background information’ and a more extensive, though less dramatic, account has been recorded by me in a dvd, “Sri Lanka: Genocide, Crimes against Humanity, Violation of International Law”, which I am more than willing to send anyone who wants this information.

This is one of nearly a dozen dvds I have recorded on the highly complex ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka and what a succession of Sinhalese-dominated governments have done to the Tamils since Independence in 1948. It was hoped that they will address the highly ‘successful’ disinformation campaign of the Sri Lankan government that tries to equate Tamils with Terrorists, and the tamil struggle for justice, as ‘nothing but terrorism’..   

A deluge of Reports

The Sri Lankan government, and the military, are clearly rattled by the recent deluge of Reports. I can think of no time in the long history of conflict in Sri Lanka, that there has ever been such a vast amount of information released by internationally credible organisations and bodies. This only report by a local body, the Report by the Tamil National Alliance in Sri Lanka, is the most powerful, because it gives first hand information obtained from those on the ground who are suffering these dreadful conditions to this very day.

The international and local groups have done what they could, and have done so with commendable thoroughness in very difficult circumstances since the GoSL has done whatever it could to block their work. It is now up to us to use these Reports and the invaluable evidence they contain, to take the matter further and bring to an end the suffering of the Tamil and Muslim people in the North and East. It is now our responsibility and obligation.

Serious Constitutional changes

There have been some serious Constitutional changes that were initially anti-Tamil, but are now both anti-Tamil and anti-democratic. As such, they will affect the Sinhalese and the Tamils, more so the latter. These have been set out in some detail in the Appendix.

Amendments to the current constitution seriously limit what the Tamils can do legally, to address the problems they face. I refer to the 6th Amendment enacted soon after the 1983 massacre of some 3,000 completely innocent Tamils in the Sinhalese South, organised and conducted by government-sponsored hoodlums, some of them in the private armies of Cabinet Ministers, and the politically active Buddhist monks. At a time when sympathy was and an apology to the Tamil people was called for,  to add insult to injury, the 6th Amendment was passed (8 August, 1983), “Prohibition against violation of territorial integrity of Sri Lanka”.

158A(1) “No person shall directly or indirectly, in or outside Sri Lanka, support, espouse, promote, finance, encourage or advocate the establishment of a separate State within the territory of Sri Lanka”. 

This was precisely the mandate given to the Tamil MPs by their voters in the North and East by an overwhelming majority. They had to either violate their mandate or leave parliament (and face prosecution even outside Parliament if they – or anyone else - for that matter) advocated a Separate Tamil State.

After a lull of nearly a decade of this ‘Constitutional circus’, came the 18th Amendment (8 September 2010), which removed any façade of democracy, entrenched the Rajapaksa regime, and increased Presidential control of some important Commissions, making them valueless. This is a serious assault on the political system which will adversely affect all its citizens, not only the Tamils.  Rajapakasa can appoint members to critically important Commissions – Election, Public Service, National Police, Human Rights, Bribery and Corruption, Finance, and Delimitation.

Where the Tamil people are concerned, it is first important to appreciate that they will not have any justice as long as the Rajapaksa junta is in power. The anti-Tamil stance (whatever the rhetoric) of the Government will continue, the Armed Forces and the Police will continue to harass, rob, threaten, rape and kill the Tamil civilians, the cult of absolute fear will continue, the extensive violation of their human rights will continue, and even increase, there will be no action by the so-called Sri Lankan human rights Commission which has been politicised and made completely irrelevant. Bribery will remain the only way of getting anything done, including getting out of illegal imprisonment, and even basic survival activities such as agriculture and fishing, and ‘people smugglers’ will be the only way of getting out of the country.   

They will be denied a fair trial or justice because the Judiciary has been politicised even more. They will be denied access to their homes, work and mode of survival. They will continue to be ‘non-people’. 

The 18th Amendment will ensure that this continues for a very long time, if not for ever. These are not opinions to be debated but facts to be faces and acted on (which they will not be).  

I will now set out the Agenda of the Sri Lankan government as I see it.

The Agenda of President Mahinda Rajapaksa and his Government

In the time (space) available, I can do no more than list these out. A detailed discussion of them will be published later.

1. To make Sri Lanka into a Sinhala-Buddhist nation


      If this is the intention of the GoSL (an intention that is well documented), then the question that arises is “what does one do to the Tamils (18% of the country)?”

      There are only four possibilities,

  • Drive them out of the country. More than a million have already been and others are fleeing as asylum seekers/refugees for good reason
  • Make them ‘disappear’. Sri Lanka had the 2nd highest rate of involuntary ‘disappearances, only second to Iraq. Most of them are Tamil males. The recent AI papers cited earlier, indicate that this is continuing.
  • Make them ‘non-people’. The Report tabled in the Sri Lankan Parliament on 21.10.2011 confirms that this is happening.
  • Kill them - Genocide. The UN SG’s Advisory Panel confirms that it is an ‘extermination’ of the Tamils. The dreadful mass killing from December 2005 - May 2009, has now been replaced by a ‘slow death’ from starvation and the lack of medical care.

The inevitable conclusion is that if multiethnic, multilingual, multireligious, multicultural Sri Lanka has decided to be a Sinhala-Buddhist Nation, there is no alternative to a separate Tamil State, Eelam, if only for the survival of the Tamil  people.

Eelam is not the creation of the Tamil people, but the result of discrimination and of exclusion of the Tamils committed by a succession of Sinhalese ‘leaders’ since Independence (1948), and certainly post-1956 when highly discriminatory anti-Tamil measures were taken. This was ratcheted up after the election of President Rajapaksa (November 2005). The murderous actions of the politico-military junta he has headed, is more responsible than any preceding Sinhala ‘government’ to make Eelam mandatory.

The Sri Lankan government has two options – either to be in a state of permanent hostility with the Tamils or to establish a separate Tamil State.


2. ‘Sinhalise’ the Tamil areas by the mass relocation of Sinhalese from the South.  This is well under way as numerous observers have reported and has been confirmed in the Paper tabled in the Sri Lankan Parliament  which I have referred to.

3. Destroy the concept of a Tamil ‘homeland’

4. Take over all commercially viable areas and economic activity in the Tamil areas, sell them to China, India and others, get the Armed Forces to run all economic ventures, and get Sinhalese workers from the South and exclude the local Tamil people.

5. Make the Tamil people in the North and East into permanent refugees.

6. Keep the Tamils under permanent military control so that they can be used and abused at will by the Armed Forces and the paramilitary hoodlums. Today, the Jaffna Peninsula is a Police State, and the North and East is a vast military ‘camp’. This is why international observers are not allowed into the area without a military man with a note-book and a gun.

7. Make the Tamil areas ‘out of bounds’ to all human rights groups eg Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, International Crisis Group and the Media. There are clearly things that ‘must not be seen’, and people who should not be allowed to ‘tell their story’.

8.  Put the development of Colombo (and elsewhere), not under the appropriate Development authority but under the Ministry of Defence – which has recently been renamed, ‘The Ministry of Defence and Urban Development’. When did development become a defence matter? President Rajapaksa’s brother, Gotabaya, who in addition to being   Secretary of Defence (and now of Urban Development too) is the unelected de facto President of Sri Lanka with veto-powers over all Government decisions. ‘President’ Mahinda Rajapaksa is only the figurehead, effectively under his brother, in all matters.

                    A good example of this is the devolution of power to the Tamil areas. Under international pressure, President Rajapaksa and senior government officials have frequently expressed their willingness to develop a “devolution package, building upon the 13th Amendment to the Constitution”. ‘Not so’ says Gotabaya Rajapaksa, “The existing Constitution is more than enough for is to live together....I don’t think there is any requirement......Devolution wise I think we have done enough, i don’t think there is any necessity to go beyond that”.  No devolution package has surfaced despite ten rounds of talks with the Tamil National Alliance, the elected representatives of the Tamil people.

  • Run a Totalitarian State  under the Rajapaksa family (4 brothers and upward of 50 family members) for the foreseeable future, manipulating the Constitution as necessary.

10.  Continue to increase the Armed Forces  (175,000 during the ‘war’, to 230,000

After the ‘end’ of the war, and now a call to increase this to 300,000). If the Tamil Tigers have been crushed (which they have been), who is the enemy?

11.  Internationally, to play China, aginst India, against USA for a foothold in Sri Lanka for the control of the economically crucial Indian Ocean, for which Sri Lanka is ideally located.

A Crisis in Democracy and Governance

There is a crisis in governance and a dismantling of democracy.

  1. Rampant corruption to the highest level.
  2. Blatant nepotism. As I have said, 4 brothers and numerous family members run the country. One family, the Rajapaksas, control 75% of budgetary expenditure.
  3. Absolute incompetence in governance.
  4. Underworld characters, hoodlums and thugs have become part of governance. Some are in President Rajapaksa’s Cabinet.
  5. Police, and Armed Forces can do as they like with absolute impunity.
  6. There is no ‘Separation of Powers’ which is an essential requirement in any democracy.  Parliament, the Legal system and the Executive are all controlled by one family, the Rajapaksas. A ‘democracy’ has been replaced by an ‘autocracy’.
  7. To disagree or even question what the Government ie the Rajapaksa’s are doing, is treason – and is dealt with as such, by assault imprisonment and murder.
  8. To question human rights violations is supporting ‘terrorism’
  9. The Media are muzzled, threatened, imprisoned, murdered or silenced by

                                censorship or self censorship (for survival).

  1. The “Prevention of Terrorism Act (PTA)’ supersedes all written Laws and even the Constitution. If the Tamil ‘terrorists’ have been crushed, why have a PTA?
  2. Opposition MPs are threatened, bought or murdered by the Government.
  3. All problems, political and non-political  are ‘settled’ by State violence.

These are indisputable signs of a fascist Dictatorship, or blacker still, a Totalitarian State. This is so well entrenched that it might not be reversible.  

National reconciliation

I have dealt with this in detail (in, and

For national reconciliation to occur there must be some essential requirements:

  1. There must be a genuine intention to do so
  2. There must be regret for all that has happened to make national reconciliation necessary.
  3. the fundamental problems that caused the rift must be addressed
  4. There must be a determined effort to wipe out those who obstruct this. In Sri Lanka this is the virulently anti-Tamil sections of the Buddhist clergy, and the political opportunists in the Sinhala polity.

Since none of these are present or likely to occur, national reconciliation is not possible. It is as simple as that.

The pretence of national reconciliation is nothing but a myth propagated by the GoSL with the sole intention of obtaining international support to keep a totalitarian regime in power.

The Tamil Tigers and the Tamil people

The GoSL claims that the Tamil Tigers were the problem. The reality is that they were not the problem but the result of the problem. The ‘problem’ was, and still is, Sinhala-Buddhist chauvinism, and Sinhala political opportunism to get the votes of the majority Sinhalese (74% of the population) to get into or remain in power. It is this, more than any other factor that has prevented the building of a nation. Not surprisingly it is now falling apart.

Whatever the Tamil Tigers have done or not done, one thing is beyond question. They stood between a succession of murderous Sinhalese governments and the Tamil people. With their elimination, the Tamil civilian population has been at the mercy of a brutal, undisciplined, Sinhala Army, that is running amok, doing what it pleases with no questions asked, and certainly with no accountability.

The Sinhala government’s claim that the “entire problem in Sri Lanka is (Tamil) terrorism”, and that once the ‘terrorists’ are “wiped out”, the land will be flowing with milk and honey, has not happened. Indeed the opposite. The Tamil people are being brutalised as never before, an Army of Occupation is running the Tamil areas (and behaving as such), and the country, far from flowing with milk and honey, is spiralling down into chaos.

The Sinhalese

The Sinhalese are learning that the guns which mowed down the Tamils will next be turned on them, as Totalitarian regimes have done for centuries the world over.

Thus far the ruling Sinhala regime has managed to get away with it, because they have capitalised on the age-old prejudice against the Tamils based on the “Mahavamsa mind-set” – that the Tamils are marauders, villains, and ‘invaders’, and the Sinhalese are there to ‘defend the country, and the religion (Buddhism) from a ‘foreign foe’ – the Tamils. It is this “Mahavamsa-mindset’ that has to change if there is ever going to be Peace with Justice in Sri Lanka.

The Sinhalese have yet to realise that crushing the Tamils is not an answer to Sri Lanka’s problems. The Chinese, Indians, and Western Nations came to the aid of the Sinhalese government to crush the Tamils, and are now demanding a share of the ‘spoils of war’. This is why large areas of the Tamil homeland are being given to China and India, and now, large areas of the Sinhalese South are going the same way.

The Sinhalese have not yet realised that for Peace and Prosperity, there must be a strong vibrant Sinhala South and a strong vibrant Tamil North and East. Ethnoreligious chauvinism and a Fascist Dictatorship or a Totalitarian State will not deliver these.

These are messages that must be delivered to the Sinhalese people. This is easier said than done given the murderous regime running the country. All is not lost, since there are Sinhalese of enormous courage, three of whom (Wije Dias, Siritunga Jayasuriya, and Dr Vickremabahu Karunaratne, contested President Rajapaksa for the Presidency, who are putting their lives on the line to challenge this tyrannical regime, as the people in the Middle East have done. These are people we simply have to support of the Tamils are to have any future in Sri Lanka.

The expatriate Sri Lankan Tamils

The expatriate Tamil community, more than a million strong, are the most powerful ‘weapon’ that the Tamils in the Sri Lanka North and East have today. There is not the slightest doubt that President Rajapaksa fears them more than he fears any other body or group, in or outside, Sri Lanka.

The power of the expatriate Tamils was seen in December 2010, when President Rajapaksa was scheduled to address a meeting in the Oxford University Union. The magnitude of the protests was such that the invitation to Rajapaksa was withdrawn by the Union, and he had to beat a hasty exit from Britain before a member of his entourage was served with a charge-sheet on war crimes. Rajapaksa himself, left in a hurry, which he was well advised to do.

The greatest problem with the expatriate Tamils is their infighting. They most certainly lack leadership. A totally committed expatriate Tamil friend of mine put this better than I can. He said, “The Tamil boat is sailing with no captain”. To this I would add, “and without a rudder too”.

If the expatriate Tamils can sink their petty differences and unite, President Rajapaksa will have a problem on his hands. Having dealt with them for four decades, I do not think that this is likely to happen.  It is time that the expatriate Tamils addressed this critical problem if their fellow Tamils in Sri Lanka are to survive.

They can play a major role in obtaining the crucial evidence now available from Tamil  asylum seekers and refugees who were there in the North and East where some of the worst atrocities and crimes against humanity were committed. This is critical evidence that is so important to take the culprits to the International Criminal Court.

While it is compassionate and necessary to focus on specific problems such as asylum seekers and refugees, it must be realised that the central issue that is the cause of all this is the Rajapaksa junta in Sri Lanka. It is easy to lose sight of this central issue and focus on the result of it. People-smugglers are not the problem. They exist because there is a ‘need’ for them. The ‘need’ is to escape the barbaric Sri Lankan regime in general, the Armed Forces in particular.

At the height of a recent asylum seeker problem in Australia, i published a booklet, “Sri Lankan Asylum Seekers. Australia’s Disgrace” The then Prime Minister, Kevin Rudd, flew to Indonesia to persuade the Indonesian President to stop the refugees from coming to Australia. I addressed the Prime Minister, “Mr Rudd, the problem is not in Jakarta, it is in Colombo”. I went on to draw the attention of Mr Rudd, who boasts about his Christian beliefs, that, “It is a most un-Christlike Christian who disregards the “When I was homeless you took me in” provision, when people in need of a home have a brown skin”. Not long after, Mr Rudd lost his own home in the Prime Minister’s Lodge in Canberra!

The Economic situation.   A financial crisis

      The economic situation is in chaos. The extent of the financial crisis is seen in the  budgetary estimates for 2012 (tabled on 18 October 2011). The total budget expenditure for 2012, Rs 2,22 trillion (US $20.1 billion), is double the expected income of Rs 1.1 trillion. The trillion rupee budget deficit will almost certainly be met by more taxation, foreign and local borrowing and social welfare cuts, imposing an even greater burden on working people and the poor.

Sri Lanka’s public debt has topped Rs 5 trillion, an increase of Rs 555 billion in just one year. The newly named ‘Ministry of Defence and Urban Development’ (under Gotabaya Rajapaksa, one of the President’s brothers) has been allocated an astronomical Rs 230 billion. Contrast this with the Education Ministry, a mere Rs 33 billion, and Health, Rs 77 billion. The Ministry of Reconstruction has been allocated less than a billion (Rs 481 million to be exact), less than every other Ministry, even though most Tamils in the North and East lack basic facilities.

Almost half of the massive military budget of Rs 230 billion, will be spent on the 200,000 strong Army, one of the largest per capita in any country in the world. This massive ‘Defence’ spending, indicates that the Government is preparing for a violent confrontation with working people.

Debt repayment will consume Rs 914 billion in 2012. Military spending and debt repayment will account for more than 50% of the total budgetary expenditure.

As the economy starts to collapse, and the IMF ‘austerity measures’ start to exact their inevitable toll from those at the bottom of the ladder, a rising of the Sinhalese, a Sri Lankan ‘Spring’, similar to the Middle East ‘Spring’, might not too far away. An essential requirement for this to happen and for the ruling junta to be thrown out, is to block foreign aid from propping up a corrupt, despotic, and violent regime. To isolate Sri Lanka as was done to Apartheid South Africa, is overdue.    

A Revolt

The rich (the Rajapaksa brothers and their supporters) are getting richer and moving upwards to the ‘super-rich’ by stealing from the country. The poor, irrespective of ethnicity, are getting poorer by the day, and barely able to survive. While the elite journey to an imaginary destination somewhere near the top of the world, the dispossessed are spiralling down to frustration, crime and chaos. This is the perfect breeding ground for a revolt.

The Rajapaksa junta has developed the perfect pincer action. While one arm is busy selling off Sri Lanka in chunks, the other, to divert attention, is orchestrating a baying chorus of Sinhala-Buddhist chauvinism and fanaticism. It is rewriting history books to ‘prove’ that a Tamil kingdom never existed, and that Buddha ‘gave’ Sri Lanka to the Sinhalese-Buddhists. It is destroying Christian Churches and Hindu shrines, and replacing them with statues of Buddha. Censorship, surveillance, the suspension of civil liberties, and defining who is a ‘patriot’ and who is not, who is a ‘terrorist’ and who is not. The establishment of a Totalitarian State is not subtle, it is blatant and open.

No Totalitarian regime in history has lasted for ever. The Rajapaksa regime is no exception. The end will come, it must. The question is whether it will come before terrible damage is done to Sri Lanka as a whole, the Tamil people in particular.

The events in the Middle East have shown what can be done to tyrants and dictators. Sri Lankans, in particular the Sinhalese, must look at this carefully and ask whether it is not time for change in Sri Lanka. Not some superficial trivial gesture, but a fundamental change in attitudes backed by actions that are not going to be easy, but are essential. I do believe that a better and a more just Sri Lanka is possible.

What can be done?

Those of us who are outside Sri Lanka cannot deliver the change that is sorely needed. This must come from those within the country. We can only do so much to help. That said, what we can do are things that those who live under a tyrannical rule cannot do. Let me summarise what we can do:-

  1. Isolate the Sri Lankan regime as was done to Apartheid South Africa.
  2. Impose an effective boycott of goods, services and people going in and coming out of that country (as was done with apartheid South Africa).
  3. Bring the criminals in the Government, the Armed Forces, and the LTTE (including those who have left that group and are now with the Government) to the International Criminal Court and charge them with war crimes, and crimes against humanity. This must include Sri Lankan ‘diplomats’ – essentially war-criminals, sent by the GoSL as ‘Ambassadors’ to several countries as a reward for the mass murder of Tamils.
  4. Block foreign aid to Sri Lanka. As I have set out, Sri Lanka is already in a deep financial crisis. This is the soft under-belly of the monster that is the Rajapaksa regime. It is only foreign aid that will prop up this monstrous regime. That is what we have to target.
  5. Get foreign members of parliament and the Media to visit Sri Lanka and insist on going to the North and East without a government ‘custodian’.
  6. Get India (Delhi) onside. This can only be done through Tamilnadu. A ‘solution’ to the ‘Tamil problem’ is not possible unless supported by India. That is political reality.
  7.  Lobby the Sinhalese South. There has got to be a ‘regime change’ in Sri Lanka. This the Tamils cannot deliver. It can only be done by the Sinhalese and the Plantation Tamils. The aim has to be to grind Sri Lanka to a halt and make it ungovernable until there is Justice for all.
  8. To counter the disinformation campaign of the GoSL by circulating the compelling evidence that I have referred to earlier published by internationally credible organisations and groups.

This is by no means a comprehensive article to address the many problems in Sri Lanka. To cover it all will take and entire book, not a 15 page article. Much more will e found in the dozen dvds I have recorded over the past two years which I will be happy to send anyone who wants more information (bsenewiratne@gmail,com.

What I have set out is the tip of the iceberg. There is a lot more to be said which has not been, if only to keep this article readable. The purpose of this article is only to convey the need for urgent action.

If there is no action both in Sri Lanka and outside, the Tamil people will be a ‘dying ethnic group’ in Sri Lanka, and the country as a whole will drift into a bankrupt Failed State under despotic rule. These are not opinions to be debated, but facts to be faced and acted on.

As Edmund Burke the Irish politician and philosopher said some 300 years ago, “All that is necessary for the triumph of evil is that good men do nothing”.

Brian Senewiratne

Consultant Physician      Brisbane,   Australia.        bsenewiratne@gmail,com

7 November 2011

Appendix  - The Constitutions of Sri Lanka

Since Independence (1948 – Soulbury Constitution), there have been three Constitutions, and numerous Constitutional Amendments. They have either illegal and anti-Tamil (eg the 1972 Constitution), or legal and anti Tamil.

The 1972 Constitution was blatantly anti-Tamil. It dropped the only ‘safeguard clause’ (Section 29(2)) left by the departing colonial British for the protection of the minorities from discrimination by the Sinhalese majority. It was illegal because the (British) Privy Council in an earlier judgement had declared this section inviolable – ie unalterable. It was on this condition that Sri Lanka (then Ceylon) got Independence.

Unable to violate the Constitution (legally) in Parliament, the Sri Lankan government decided to do this illegally. A ‘Constituent Assembly’ was set up in a stadium some 5 km from Parliament which proceeded to draw up a ‘Constitution’. Every suggestion made by the parliamentarians representing the Tamil people was rejected, resulting in them walking out. When the completed “Constitution” was presented and passed in Parliament, there were no representatives of the Tamil people in the north and east.

As soon as this ‘Constitution’ (the Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Sri Lanka) was passed (22 May 1972), Professor S.A. de Smith, a world authority on Commonwealth Constitutions condemned it as illegal.

In 1977, a new Constitution (the Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka) was passed. Democracy was almost totally dismantled and replaced by a Presidential dictatorship.

This Constitution has had 18 Amendments (17, since the 12th was not enacted).some of these Amendments were clearly anti-Tamil, and aimed at excluding Tamil parliamentarians from Parliament or making the mandate they received from their voters untenable). Soon after the 1983 massacre of Tamils in the Sinhalese South by government-sponsored hoodlums, some of them under Cabinet Ministers), the 6th Amendment was passed (8 August, 1983), “Prohibition against violation of territorial integrity of Sri Lanka”.

158A(1) “No person shall directly or indirectly, in or outside Sri Lanka, support, espouse, promote, finance, encourage or advocate the establishment of a separate State within the territory of Sri Lanka”. 

This was precisely the mandate given to the Tamil MPs by their voters in the North and East by an overwhelming majority. They had to either violate their mandate or leave parliament (and face prosecution even outside Parliament if they – or anyone else - for that matter) advocated a Separate Tamil State.

With increasing concerns about the sweeping powers of the Executive President, the 17th Amendment was passed (2 October 2001) which set up a “Constitutional Council” (CC) with a wide range of people on it. The President could not make appointments to a range of important Commissions – Election, Public Service, Police, Human Rights, Bribery and Corruption, Finance and Delimitation, except on the recommendation of the CC.

President Rajapaksa could not be shackled – of indeed he was at all, given the sweeping powers he had, and still has. He wanted mor power to do as he wanted for as long as he wanted.

 On 8 September 2010, he drafted the 18th Amendment and got his rubber-stamp Parliament to pass it. To make doubly sure, it was marked as an “Urgent Bill”. ‘Urgent Bills’ need not be gazetted in Parliament, they need only be cleared by the Supreme Court, this avoiding any scrutiny or debate. This was no problem with Rajapaksa’s hand-picked Supreme Court who immediately cleared it.

Just a day later it was presented in Parliament and passed. The total time from tabling the Bill to passing it was just 10 days! Those who intended to oppose the Bill did not even have a copy of it before the Attorney General made hi submissions on for the Government.

The 18th Amendment:-

1. Removed the Presidential term limits (two 4-year terms). So, Rajapaksa can contest as many Presidential elections as he pleases

2. Scrapped the ‘Constitutional Council’ (17th Amendment) and replaced it by a  ‘Parliamentary Council’ comprising the Speaker (currently the President’s brother, Chamal ), the Prime Minister (appointed by the President), the Opposition Leader, and a nominee appointed by the Prime Minister and the Opposition Leader.

3. Allowed the President to attend, address (and intimidate) Parliament, and have all the Parliamentary privileges

Presidential term limits are critical in a democracy. Executive term limits has been part of democracy since its inception ancient Rome and Athens. Without term limits and individual ir party can accumulate tremendous power. Incumbency allows them to increase and preserve that power perpetually and stay in office ad infinutum.

It increases corruption within and outside the government. With the accumulation of enormous power, they become more likely to abuse that power.

As power becomes concentrated in a single individual or party, the range of opinions in the party decreases and the opposition parties weaken and fragment. Weakened opposition undermines electoral choice, as voters have fewer alternatives to the party in power. The result is political stagnation.

The expansion of the Presidential powers to make appointments in critical areas is serious. All he has to do is to seek the opinion (but not to accept) accept the recommendations of the 5 parliamentarian in the PC who are basically in his hand. He can appoint members to critically important Commissions – Election, Public Service, National Police, Human Rights, Bribery and Corruption (which is rife and involving members of his family), Finance, and Delimitation (‘arranging’ election results).

Appointments in the independence of the Judicial risks at special risk. The President’s expanded powers will extend to the appointment of the Chief Justice (a shocking choice he has already made), and the Judges of the Supreme Court, President and the Judges of the Appeal Court, the Judicial Services Commission, the Attorney General, the Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration and the Secretary-General of Parliament.

His Parliamentary privileges will compromise the autonomy of Parliament (aif anything is left to compromise). The prerogative to address Parliament will significantly increase the Presidents influence in the Legislative branch, reucing the Separation of Powers, if any are left.

How does all this affect the Tamil ‘minority’? In many ways. It will ensure the Rajapaksa government is there for a very long time. There is simply no prospect of Justice for the Tamil people under the Rajapaksa regime. Let us be very clear on that.

If Tamils take legal action against the Government or its Armed Forces on, say, the abuse of fundamental human rights or criminal acts, the case will come up before one of Rajapaksa’s hand-picked and docile Judiciary, with predictable results.

The effect of the 18th Amendment on the country as a whole, not only the Tamil people, is serious. With bribery and corruption, the breakdown of Law and order, the violation of human rights, thuggery, a gross mismanagement of the economy and gross incompetence in governance, and a Totalitarian regime now with more powers than any other across the world, the outlook for the country as a whole is poor.

This is a dangerous situation that must be communicated to the outside world, bluffed by a massive disinformation campaign (contracting some of the most expensive propaganda firms eg Bell-Pottinger) by the GoSL. costing the Sri Lankans millions of dollars. It is in the interests of the Sinhalese to focus on this before it is too late (and it might already have reached that point).


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