by Luckshmi Sivalingam, September 2005
A thesis for a Masters of Science (MSc) degree at the London School of Economics and Political Science
This study examines the Sri Lankan ethnic conflict through a multi-layered analytical lens of ethnic, socio-economic, and political considerations. Residual colonial tensions, intensified by market liberalization and political competition, created an atmosphere conducive to ethnic scapegoating and civil war. Under the current Norwegian-brokered Ceasefire Agreement, and in the face of immediate need for relief in the North and East in a post-tsunami atmosphere, it is demonstrated that international humanitarian and monetary aid must be allocated in consideration of the resulting ethnic grievances if peace is desired. The Post-Tsunami Operational Management Structure (P-TOMS) is argued to have the potential to serve as a mechanism to achieve this end by its encompassing nature. The study concludes that, if proven to be effective not only as an aid distribution mechanism, but also as a catalyst for state reform and conflict resolution, the P-TOMS may be able to serve as a model for general aid distribution throughout the entire country, while simultaneously facilitating durable peace.
The complete text of this Master's thesis can be accessed here: Ethnicity, Aid and Peace in Fragile States: A Sri Lankan Case Study
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Posted September 14, 2005