Monthly Archives: January 2021

OHCHR: Sri Lanka on Alarming Path

Towards recurrence of grave human rights violations – UN report by UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva, January 21, 2021 OHCHR Report on Sri Lanka 27 January 2021 GENEVA (27 January 2021) – A new UN report published on Wednesday warns that the failure of Sri Lanka to address past violations… Read more »

Pirapaharan: Vol.2, Chap.44 The Massacres Continue

by T. Sabaratnam, April 23, 2005 Chapter 43 Original index to series Original Chapter 44 [renumbered from Chapter 42] In 1985 the Jayewardene – Athulathmudali regime continued its strategy of mass arrests, torture, massacres and forced evacuations, thus strengthening the Tamil will to fight back and widening and deepening the Tamil militant groups’ recruitment base. … Read more »

Pirapaharan: Vol.2, Chap.43 The Massacres

by T. Sabaratnam, April 18, 2005 Chapter 42 Original index to series Original Chapter 43 [renumbered from Chapter 41] The LTTE attacks on Kent and Dollar farms and Kokkilai and Nayaru fishing villages shook the Jayewardene government.  The attacks upset its plan to establish large-scale Israeli-type militarized Sinhala settlements within the border of the Northern… Read more »

Pirapaharan: Vol.2, Chap.42 Operation Green Arrow

by T. Sabaratnam, April 8, 2005 Chapter 41 Original index to series Original Chapter 42 [renumbered from Chapter 40] In mid- September 1985, the ENLF told the media in Chennai that Sri Lanka had launched a military onslaught code-named Operation Green Arrow in the Trincomalee district in total violation of the ceasefire then in operation. … Read more »

Pirapaharan: Vol.2, Chap.41 Pirapa Meets Rajiv

Feedback re 1986 killing of TULF MPs Alalasuntharam and Dharmalingam from a reader: March 29, 2005 Dear Editor, In Chapter 38 the writer mentioned that the TULF MPs’ murder had been carried out by Das.  This is totally untrue.  Sri Sabaratnam gave the order to kill all former TULF MPs who lived in Jaffna at… Read more »

Pirapaharan: Vol.2, Chap.40 Deportation Emboldens JR

by T. Sabaratnam, March 24, 2005 Chapter 39 Original index to series Original Chapter 40 [renumbered from Chapter 38] India was annoyed with the Tamil groups, particularly with Balasingham.  RAW, which listened to the conversations carried through the ‘hot line,’ told Bhandari and other officials that the decision to walk out was taken at the… Read more »

Pirapaharan: Vol.2, Chap.39 Thimpu Talks Collapse

by T. Sabaratnam, March 18, 2005 Chapter 38 Original index to series Original Chapter 39 [renumbered from Chapter 37] On 16 August 1985, the day on which Hector Jayewardene disappointed the Tamil delegation and India with his ‘new proposals’ at Thimpu, Tamil militants exploded a land mine to blow up an air force jeep speeding… Read more »

Pirapaharan: Vol.2, Chap.38 Thimpu – the Second Round Contd

by T. Sabaratnam, March 11, 2005 Chapter 37 Original index to series Original Chapter 38 [renumbered from Chapter 36, Part II] – The Tamil delegation did not permit the government representatives to present their proposals.  The Tamils told the government delegation they wanted to raise two matters that flowed from the opening statement of Hector… Read more »

Pirapaharan: Vol.2, Chap.37 Thimpu – the Second Round

by T. Sabaratnam, March 4, 2005 Chapter 36 Original index to series Original Chapter 37 [renumbered from Chapter 36, Part 1] I covered the press conference at the Indian High Commission at Colombo Fort on 14 July 1985, the day after the collapse of the First Round of the Thimpu talks.  That was the first… Read more »

Pirapaharan: Vol.2, Chap.36 Thimpu – the First Round Cont’d

by T. Sabaratnam, February 25, 2005 Chapter 35 Original index to series Original Chapter 36 [renumbered from Chapter 35, Part II] The First Round (Continued) As indicated in the previous chapter, the first day of the Thimpu Talks was devoted to the inauguration.  Talks commenced on the second day, 9 July 1985. The entire morning… Read more »

Pirapaharan: Vol.2, Chap.35 Thimpu – the First Round

by T. Sabaratnam, February 18, 2005 Chapter 34 Original index to series Original Chapter 35 On 3 July 1985 the ENLF leaders – Pirapaharan, Sri Sabaratnam, Pathmanabha and Balakumar – and their assistants were flown in an airforce plane to Delhi and were accommodated in the five-star Hotel Ashok. RAW officials accompanied them and kept… Read more »

Pirapaharan: Vol.2, Chap.34 From Ceasefire to Talks

by T. Sabaratnam, February 11, 2005 Chapter 33 Original index to series Original Chapter 34 The ceasefire came into effect on 18 June 1985.  The ENLF leaders realized that Athulathmudali had outsmarted them by declaring the ceasefire unilaterally.  Tamil liberation groups were forced to observe the ceasefire for fear of offending India and the international… Read more »

Pirapaharan: Vol.2, Chap.33 Thimpu Cont’d

by T. Sabaratnam, February 5, 2005 Chapter 32 Original index to series Original Chapter 33 Special note: Mr. J. N. Dixit and Mr. Shankar Raji died while I was writing this chapter.  Both were younger than me.  Both provided me with a wealth of information concerning the events about which I am currently writing.  Dixit… Read more »

Pirapaharan: Vol.2, Chap.32 Frog-Marched to Thimpu

by T. Sabaratnam, January 28, 2005 Chapter 31 Original index to series Original Chapter 32 I was with Indian Foreign Secretary Romesh Bhandari in his office in South Block doing an interview for the Daily News on 23 May 1985 when the door opened and a short person peeped in.  “Excuse me for two minutes,” Bhandari told… Read more »

Pirapaharan.Vol.2, Chap.31 Unity Moves

by T. Sabaratnam, January 21, 2005 Chapter 30 Original index to series Original Chapter 31 On 10 April 1985, the day the Jaffna police station was flattened, the LTTE joined the Eelam National Liberation Front (ENLF), an umbrella organization of Tamil militant groups formed exactly a year earlier.  The three groups, TELO, EPRLF and EROS,… Read more »

Pirapaharan: Vol.2, Chap.30 Jaffna Police Station Attack

by T. Sabaratnam, December 24, 2004 Chapter 29 Original index to series Original Chapter 30 The Kokkilai attack of 13 February 1985, which Jayewardene acknowledged had changed the character of the Tamil armed struggle and had been timed to coincide with the Rajiv – Gandhi – Athulathmudali meeting, was not a total success.  It failed… Read more »

Pirapaharan: Vol.2, Chap.29 JR’s Trap for Rajiv’s Backtracking

by T. Sabaratnam, December 17, 2004 Chapter 28 Original index to series Original Chapter 29 Indira Gandhi’s assassination on 31 October 1984 provided President Jayewardene an opportunity to wriggle out of the peace process and pursue the military option he had carefully mapped out.  He abruptly discontinued the All Party Conference on 26 December 1984… Read more »

Pirapaharan: Vol.2, Chap.28 The First Interview

By  T. Sabaratnam, December 10, 2004 Chapter 27 Original index to series Original Chapter 28 On the Cover Page Sunday, India’s leading news magazine in 1984, created a sensation in India and Sri Lanka by featuring Pirapaharan’s first media interview in its 11-17 March issue. The cover carried a colour photograph of a wide-eyed, chubby-cheeked… Read more »

Pirapaharan: Vol.2, Chap.27 MGR’s Role in the Tamil Struggle

by T. Sabaratnam, December 3, 2004 Chapter 26 Original index to series Original Chapter 27 Massive Fund In April 1984 Pirapaharan met for the first-time Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M. G. Ramachandran, idol of legions of Tamils. The meeting bonded them and brought about a historic change in the freedom struggle of the Sri Lankan… Read more »

Pirapaharan: Vol., Chap.26 Foundation for Tamil Eelam

by T. Sabaratnam, November 25, 2004 Chapter 25 Original index to series Original Chapter 26 Three Factors 1984 is a milestone in the life of Pirapaharan and in the history of Tamil freedom struggle.  In that year, as I indicated in Chapter 21, Pirapaharan switched over from hit-and-run guerrilla combat to sustained guerrilla warfare, and… Read more »